Many people experience emotional trauma after difficult life experiences. Emotional events such as a breakup from a significant other or the loss of something important can cause someone to experience mental trauma. Emotional trauma is stress that affects the nervous system and prohibits a person from coping with a situation.

Common types and causes of emotional trauma are grief, separation, severe humiliation, physical abuse, emotional abuse and a life-threatening accident.Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and alone can be traumatic, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective facts that determine whether an event is traumatic, but your subjective emotional experience of the event. The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized.

Grief or separation emotional trauma can occur when someone is separated from a loved one unexpectedly. The separation can be the result of death, a breakup or some other type of separation. Individuals who experience these types of events might feel a sense of loss, depression and sadness.

Severe humiliation can leave a person feeling disappointed and therefore cause emotional stress and worry. Depending on the severity of the situation, individuals who have suffered severe humiliation might have a loss of self-esteem. This can detrimentally affect them in their lives and leave them in a state of isolation.

Abuse can take many forms, including physical and emotional. Physical abuse can occur either sexually or with bodily harm such has hitting and kicking. Emotional abuse includes verbal insults, name-calling and foul language. When a person is subject to physical and/or emotional abuse, he or she can incur psychological effects that can negatively affect his or her mood and cognitive functions.